The way we respond to different things and deal with different situations is linked to our minds. Everything we do, every step we take is deeply connected with our minds. Many theories describe the connection between our mind, thoughts, personality, and action. However, the most prominent and fascinating is that of Sigmund Freud, a well-known psychoanalyst, in which he suggested the three different levels of our mind.
According to Freud, our mind is constantly going through contradictory psychological forces. Each of these forces operates at different levels of awareness and hence, influence our behavior and personality. Freud called these levels of mind as the unconscious, the preconscious, and the conscious.
In his theory, the conscious mind is the part that we are always aware of. These are the thoughts, feelings, any desires or needs, beliefs and values, and memories that we always know whenever we experience them. This is also part of the mind that helps us in rational thinking and decision making.
The unconscious mind is the exact opposite. It consists of all the things that we are constantly experiencing but are not aware of. Majorly, this part consists of emotions, memories, or experiences that might have been unpleasant and we may have forgotten about them but they still influence our behavior, personality, and actions. The unconscious also consists of the values and beliefs that we are raised with, and might not remember exactly, but they are constantly influencing our decision making, our judgments, and how we perceive things.
Then comes the Preconscious mind. This is the part of the mind that exists between the conscious and the unconscious. These are the things that might be in the unconscious but can be brought into the conscious. Sometimes we have forgotten about a particular event or memory, but then we sense something and are instantly reminded of it. This is the Preconscious.
The main question, however, is that how do we keep these parts of our mind healthy. Of course, a healthy mental state is a path to lead a healthy life. Keeping the unconscious and the conscious part of your mind can greatly impact your lifestyle.
As mentioned earlier, the unconscious is all the things that we are not aware and yet are influenced by. It is because of this part that our judgments can be biased and we behave emotionally, rather than logically. Just because we are not aware of them, doesn’t mean we should completely ignore them. Instead, some experts used that controlled that unconscious part of their mind and were able to make significant changes in their life. One of the simplest ways to do that is to control your environment and things that you engage yourself with. This can include all the songs that we listen to, the type of people we follow online, and the type of people that we interact with daily. These all impact our behavior without us even noticing and hence aligning them with our goals and what we want to be can more impactful than we think. For example, if you want to focus more on your studies and be a good student, then start following the channels and pages of people who are doing good in their academic life and also promote it on their social media accounts. Start listening to music that helps you increase your focus, and make study groups.
When it comes to the conscious mind, then we might be aware of what’s going in that part but that does not necessarily mean that we also know how to control it. Many people use meditation to control their thoughts and calm their minds when they cannot stop overthinking. People also exercise regularly to keep them maintain their focus and increase their attention span. For example, an employee might be working on something extremely important in their office but are cannot stop thinking about what they are going to have in the lunch break. Now, this is part of our conscious mind as we are completely aware of it. But it is not letting us work effectively. Meditation and regular exercise can help us control such thoughts.