Retinal detachment is an eye condition that happens when the retina (a light-sensitive tissue layer at the back of your eye) is pulled away from its usual back position. It causes vision loss which can be partial or absolute, depending on how much is removed from the retina. Upon removal of your retina, the cells may be severely deprived of oxygen. If you have lost only a small portion of your retina, you may not have any symptoms. But if more of your retina is damaged, you may not be able to see as clearly as normal, and other unexpected symptoms may occur that includes: A lot of new gray or black specks floating in your field of vision (floaters), flashes of light in one eye or both eyes, and a dark shadow or “curtain” on the sides or in the center of your field of vision Retinal detachment may be a medical emergency. Most often the middle aged and the elderly are affected.
If you have detached retina symptoms, it’s necessary to go immediately to your eye doctor. Retinal detachment symptoms sometimes come on quickly. If the retinal detachment is not treated immediately, more of the retina may detach— which increases the risk of loss or blindness of permanent vision. There are many causes of retinal detachment, but ageing or an eye injury are the most common causes. If you are an extremely nearsighted person, have an eye injury or cataract surgery, and have a family history of retinal detachment, and over 50 years old, you are more likely to get one. Occasionally, Retinal Tear comes before full detachment. Typically it does have the same symptoms.
If your retina gets torn, the fluid inside your eye can leak below and separate the retina from the tissue underlying it. That is separation from the retinal. Retinal detachment has 3 types: rhematogenic, tractional, and exudative. That type occurs because of another problem that causes your retina to move away from the back of your eye. There’s no way to prevent retinal detachment — but when doing risky activities like playing sports, you can lower your risk by wearing safety goggles or other protective eye gear.
It is also necessary to regularly get comprehensive dilated eye exams and have good routine eye care and more often visiting of optometry clinic for eye therapy and getting proper detailed checkup. A dilated eye test will help in assessing your optical system and find a small retinal tear or detachment early before it starts to affect your vision as Vision is one of your most important body parts. If you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar and regularly check with your doctor.
While retinal detachment usually occurs in one eye only, the other eye has a 15 percent chance of developing retinal detachment, and this risk increases to 25–30 percent in patients with retinal detachment and cataracts from both eyes. Laser (thermal) or congelation (cryopexy) or pneumatic retinopexy methods are used to treat retinal detachment.