Almost everyone experiences itchy eyes either occasionally or frequently. The attendant problems of itchy eyes, also known as ocular pruritus, include itchy eyelids(at the base of the eyelashes), red eyes, and swollen eyelids.
According to researches, itchy eyes are often caused by different kinds of eye allergies or other issues like dry eyes syndrome. Eye allergies occur when your body overreacts to irritating substances (allergens). Thus, the immune system forms antibodies that cause your eyes to release histamine around the eyes tissues, which causes itching, red, watery, and even swollen eyes.
Eye allergies could be seasonal or perennial. Perennial allergies are eye allergies present all year long and predominantly caused by allergens like mold and dust.
However, seasonal allergies occur in certain seasons, especially early spring, summer, and autumn. It is often caused by allergens in the air, commonly pollen from grasses, trees, weeds, and spores from molds. Seasonal allergies are also referred to as allergic conjunctivitis.
If you experience itchy eyes during these specific times of the year, like spring, summer, or autumn, then you might have seasonal allergies. This is likely to cause you discomfort. However, avoid constant rubbing of your eyes. Rubbing of already-irritated eyes can add more allergens to the look. Rubbing of the eyes can also cause a break in the top corneal layer, which could cause pain and cause infections.
- Here are some steps preventive steps to take during the pollen season.
- Avoiding and remove excessive pollen
- Wear sunglasses around to avoid pollen when outdoor and close your care or home windows to avoid contact with pollen
- Control potential mold in your home with a dehumidifier
- Bath each night to remove accumulated pollens on eyelids, hair, and your face.
- Fortunately, if seasonal allergies cause your itchy eyes, you can take the following steps based on your optometrist prescription to treat allergy-related itchy eyes.
- Place a clean, cold cloth or compress over the eyes to temporarily ease the discomfort.
- Use chilled over-the-counter artificial tears or lubricating eye drops to relieve symptoms.
- Apply anti-allergy eye drops or oral medications that contain antihistamines or mast cell stabilizers to ease the symptoms.
- You may also have allergy immunotherapy. This involves getting treated with the allergens you are sensitized to, and over time, become more tolerant of those allergens.
If none of these treatments sufficiently address your itchy eye problem, you must visit your eye doctor to determine the exact cause of your allergies. It could be caused by dry eye syndrome or blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelid). These eye conditions can effectively be treated with treatment plans and medications specific to these conditions.