In this era, when people have to spend most of their time in front of the screens, the risk of developing eye disorders has increased significantly. Eye disorders are also connected with a wide range of other diseases like hypertension, type 2 diabetes, heart disorders, etc.
From this last decade, scientists are trying to find the link between eye disorders and exercise. Studies show that those people who are active or do exercise at least 3 times a week are at low risk of developing serious eye disorders. Recent studies show that regular exercise decreases the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) by 70% while reducing the risk of glaucoma by 25% at the same time.
Glaucoma is the general term used for a family of eye diseases that damage the optic never which is located at the back of the eye and conducts information from the brain to the eyes. Glaucoma is caused by elevated pressure inside the eye which causes stress in the optic nerve leading to damage to the optic nerve which results in loss of vision. Studies show that doing regular exercise or just having a brisk walk three times a week reduces stress in the optic nerve and improves blood flow to the retina and optic nerve, hence reducing the risk of Glaucoma
Age-related Macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease that affects a person’s sharp, central vision leading to the inability to see objects. Age-related Macular denegation is a leading cause of loss of vision. Studies show that regular exercise reduces the risk of age-related macular degeneration by 75%.
Type 2 diabetes also affects your eyesight. Diabetic retinography is a leading cause of loss of vision. Regular exercise that may be in any form you like I.e., yoga, dancing, running downstairs, cycling, running or swimming, etc., reduces the rate of developing complexities in diabetes hence reduces the risk of Diabetic retinography.
Hypertension also plays a part in developing eye disorders. High blood pressure causes damage to vessels supplying blood to the retina which leads to eye damage. Regular exercise helps in normalizing your blood pressure and hence leading to a low risk of eye damage.
Regular exercise like running and walking also reduces the risk of developing age-related cataracts. Cataracts are also a leading cause of loss of vision among old people.
Cardiovascular exercise helps in improving your vision and reduces the risk of developing eye disorders. Cardiovascular exercise improves blood flow hence leading to an adequate amount of blood to vessels providing blood to the retina which leads to improved vision.
Hence, regular exercise plays an important role in preventing us from eye disorders. At the same time, regularity is important in the exercise. If you exercise once a week then it doesn’t show clear outcomes but if you exercise thrice or more in a week then the outcomes are clear. There are different forms of exercise like running, cycling, yoga, swimming, dancing, or any form of sport. The key to regularity in exercise is to choose the form of exercise that suits your aptitude.