Holistic medicine is an attitudinal approach to health care rather than a particular set of techniques where doctor uses all forms of health care, from conventional medication to alternative therapies, to treat a patient. It addresses human body connection through psychological, familial, societal, ethical and spiritual as well as biological dimensions of health and illness. This approach emphasizes the uniqueness of each patient, the mutuality of the doctor-patient relationship, each person’s responsibility for his or her own health care and society’s responsibility for the promotion of health. The development of science has deepened and increased humans’ understanding of the natural world; but it may also cause humans to lose their systematic and overall cognition of the complex world. Under modern era science and it’s complexity calls for the transformation of scientific concepts and ways of thinking.
The wheel of medicine rotating around the native Americans, the African Sangoma culture, the Samic Shamans of northern Europe, the healers of the Australian Aboriginals, the ayurvedic doctors of India, the acupuncturists of China and the very famous herbalists of Tibet all seems to be fundamentally character medicine. All the theories and the medical understanding from these pre-modern cultures are now being integrated a term transcultural medicine. Many of the old medical systems have now been working in modern time on alternative, complementary and psychosocial medicine.
Modern holistic medicine has worked to build in a new medical model combining physiological, psychological and social environmental. It still can transform into a more holistic model by incorporating the thinking modes, experience, theory and technology accumulated in over thousands of years. In the field of medicine, the emergence of modern holistic medicine follows that the development of biomedicine directed by the reductionist approach has encountered serious difficulties; it also seems to mean the “return” to traditional medicines. Holism offers its adherents a basis for overcoming the fragmentation of specialization by recalling the responsibility for psychological, spiritual and social therapies from the specialists-in internal medicine, mental health, pastoral counseling and social welfare.
Although we don’t have any formal schools for holistic health care professionals, many physicians have begun to seek out this kind of psychological refinement and nourishment-in continuing education programs sponsored by such newly formed groups as the American Holistic Medical Association and the Association for Holistic Health.
Holistic doctors usually focus on patients education on lifestyle changes and self-care to promote wellness. This may include diet, exercise, meditation and relationship, others have therapies such as acupucture, chiropractic care, homeopathy, massage therapy and naturopathy.